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Grade 2 Overview

Grade 2
Our Lord, Christ, Gives us the Right to Become Children of God

Filler Lesson
Feast of the Cross

Unit 1: Eucharist and Liturgy

Unit 1 Lesson 1
Remembering the story and the life and the teachings of Our Lord Jesus. This lesson is an application of what happens in the liturgy
Let the kids recite major events in the life of Christ, and using the orbana, show them how it is acted out in the liturgy

      • Recitation of all the things that He did starting with birth, baptism, life of service, cross, resurrection, ascension, and sending up the Holy Spirit, and the second coming.
      • Have the children list the events of life

Unit 1 Lesson 2

Our Lord gives us the gift of Himself: this lesson will present Our Lord Jesus Christ as the Bread of Life that gives us God’s life and love taken from the Gospel of St. John chapter 6.  It will talk about Our Lord multiplying the loaves and the fish and invite the  people to receive the bread from heaven:

      • The story of the multiplication of the bread and fish
      • The importance of bread in everyone’s life and it is meant to be broken and shared, hint: sharing the bread with the hungry
      • Our Lord promised the gift of His Body and Blood

Unit 1 Lesson 3
The Manna of the Old Testament: The Bread from Heaven

      • The Israelites were hungry, and God gave them Bread from Heaven. The manna was not found in the desert
      • Jesus called Himself, “the Bread that came from Heaven”
      • Highlight that we need to fast to receive Christ, as the Israelites were hungry in the desert

Unit 1 Lesson 4

Christ offered Himself to the Father on Holy Thursday

      • Story of the Last Supper in details (sending the two disciples and preparing for the last supper, bread and wine, washing of the feet, breaking the bread, etc.  How he instructed His disciples to do the same.)  Emphasize that they ended the Last Supper with praise

Unit 1 Lesson 5

What do we receive during the Eucharist

      • Given for the remission of sins and the eternal life to whoever partakes of Him) Part I. When we partake of the Bread of Life and the Blood of Christ, we receive:
      • Our God is a Living God and He gave us the gift of living forever (Eternal life) with Christ. What is eternal life? – “Whoever eats My body and drinks My blood I will raise him up at the last day.” (John chapter 6)
        1. 1. Example of our saints who are living forever with Jesus in Paradise, and how they come back and show themselves to us and help us in different ways
      • Forgiveness – when we come to the Eucharist we say sorry to God about bad things that we have done and we receive forgiveness: We repeat “Lord Have Mercy”
        1. 1. When we do something bad, act in a selfish way, don’t share, disobey parents, first I say “sorry” to my brother or to my parents or to my friends, then we come in the liturgy and kiss each other (explain how they should practice it in the liturgy as a sign of reconciliation), ask God for forgiveness, and we are forgiven by receiving the Body and Blood of Christ
        2. 2. During the liturgy Abouna would say prayers asking for our forgiveness from God – but we receive it when we take communion
      • We become one family (one body, unity) with the rest of the church, brothers and sisters, fathers and mothers, Abouna and the deacons. (Insert movies about bees and ants, and how each insect group or colony think of themselves as one being, one unit)

What do we receive during the Eucharist (given for the remission of sins and the eternal life to whoever partakes of Him) Part II (could be acted as in a play)

      • We receive devotion: We come closer to Christ and to the Father (devotion) and are filled with the Holy Spirit – we receive joy and peace that stays with us. Tell stories of how people who met Christ were filled with peace and excited. Options: Example 1: Samaritan woman- she was coming to get water, but when she came closer to Christ, she left with joy and excitement and she completely forgot about her water jar. Example 2: Zachias
        1. 1. That’s why the priest says “peace be with you” and we respond “and also with your spirit”
      • We receive the love and care from others – when we pray together (especially the holy kiss) – how the apostles who were not of the same family, our Lord made them friends to one another and made them into one family – He does the same today to us. (Emphasize the love for others and unity). We come closer to St. Mary and the saints

We receive the Word of God – liturgy of the Word
Tell stories of how Jesus would go around and many people would follow Him because they were attracted to His teachings and how they felt they needed it.

      • We receive the instructions of God the Father through the words of the Bible.  We should pay attention, be still and quiet, and try to understand what is said. If we listen carefully, we will hear God speak to us in a personal way. Options: the story of St. Anthony or the story of Samuel listening to God in the night
      • Read a piece from the Gospels (the good news) – (story and teaching of Our Lord Jesus)
              1. a. We sing Alleluia (praise God) with the reading of the psalm to show our happiness of receiving God’s word.
              2. b. We give God respect and honor by saying “Doxasi kyrie” which means (Glory to You O Lord) as He is about to talk to us. At the end we say “Glory to God forever. Amen”
        1. 2. The sermon when Abouna explains to us the readings of the gospel of the day.
        2. 3. We respond to the readings from the Liturgy of the Word saying to Him, “we trust You and are willing to obey You” in the Creed.

Unit 1: Lesson 6

What do we offer

The offerings of the Liturgy (I)

      • We offer ourselves as a little child who offers himself to his parents to enjoy him. (Servants should always think of prayer in regards to offering oneself). A little baby, when their parents open their arms, runs to them (what do the parents look like, when their child runs into their arms?); likewise, we are quick to go to the liturgy and offer ourselves with Our Lord Jesus to the Father. By opening His arms on the Cross, our Lord Jesus is offering Himself for us to go to Him, and when we go to Him, we offer ourselves with Him to the Father. “When I a lifted up, I will attract everyone to Myself.” (John chapter 12). We offer ourselves in prayer. (for the servant- keep in mind the concept of “open hands, open hearts; closed hands, closed hearts). When do we pray? In the morning and at night, and also on Sunday in the liturgy and before meals. “Let my prayer be sent forth before You as incense, and the lifting up of my hands as an evening sacrifice.”
        Applications: 1. we can talk about types of prayer: individual (by myself), with others (my family), and with the church (liturgy). What do we offer to God in prayers? Thanksgiving, petitions (praying for ourselves), intercessions (praying for others) and praise. 2. When entering the door of the church, imagine that you have a key that you use to close your mind from thinking of other things and to close your mouth from talking, and then only look to the alter.

Unit 2: Lesson 7

We offer thanksgiving to God the Father for all the things He has given us

      • Our Lord teaches us to say “thank you” to God the Father with Christ. Example: Story of the 10 lepers who were healed, and only one returned to give thanks.
      • For He has covered us (although He knows and sees everything, when we do something bad, He doesn’t go and tell someone else about it), helped us (when we do our homework, or good works, or try to help others, He is always helping us by giving us strength and power), protected us (from danger by sending us a guardian angel to guard), accepted us to Himself (whenever we offer ourselves, He accepts us and when we do something wrong and come and say sorry, He receives us), had compassion upon us (when we are in trouble, He cares for us and He feels our pain), supported us (whenever we do something good, He encourages us; and when we do something bad, He encourages us to say sorry and start over again) and brought us to this hour (He gives us food, drink, shelter, parents, school, the church). (Explain each one of these points and provide examples or stories for 1 or 2).

Unit 1: Lesson 8

The offerings of the liturgy (II)

      • We offer money and gifts to help in serving the church and the poor – in old times they used to offer fruit, grains, clothes, candles, incense, oil, bread, wine, clothing of the altar and the curtains, light bulbs, etc. (activity: go around the church and think about things to offer to the church) – (servants: without the kids learning how to share in the Eucharist, their sense of belonging becomes superficial.) –
        1. 1. examples: Christmas; we give and receive gifts, story of the boy who offered the five loaves and the two fish, the widow and Elijah, offerings of the people to the tabernacle in the old testament, in the old church offering all their money (Acts), widow and two mites.
      • We offer prayers on behalf of the church, servants, pope and bishops, priests and deacons sick, the needy, traveler, dead, people outside the church, president, nature, students, etc. (have children make the list). Examples from the Bible of people who have prayed or asked Jesus on behalf of others: the Centurian (John chapter 2), the Canaanite woman who asked for her daughter, Elijah and the widow, the church praying for St. Peter when he was in prison
      • We offer praise – “we praise You, we bless You…” “praise God in all His saints,…(during communion)” – expressing joy after receiving Christ in our hearts – need to repeat the name of the Lord as much as possible (not without reason). Miriam, the sister of Moses, led Israel in praising God after crossing the Red Sea with cymbals; David praised after God helped them to get the Ark of the Covenant back. Every time there is a celebration and God gives us something to be happy about, we come back and praise Him at the end.

Unit 1: Lesson 9

How to behave in Communion

      1. i. No talking, no looking around. We should recite the “Prayer Before Communion.”
      2. ii. When we come to communion we should keep our eyes focused straight ahead. Use the corporal on your hand to receive any pieces of the Body (Jewels) that fall during communion, give enough space for Abouna’s hand.  We open our mouths widely to receive the Body.  When we receive the Blood, make sure you do not have chapstick on, or anything else on your lips.
      3. iii. We fast 9 hours before Communion. We fast because we are invited to eat at the Table of the Lord. If someone you like invites you to eat at their house, would you eat before you go? Or would you prepare yourself by being hungry, so you would have an appetite to eat?
      4. iv. Need to read “Prayer After Communion” also.

Unit 1: Lesson 10

Review of the unit

      • Include a contest


Unit 2: Commandments to love
Our Lord Jesus Christ calls us to love God the Father

Unit 2: Lesson 1
Introduction to the 10 commandments

      • Review each Commandment quickly.
      • Ask the students to write down what they “think” each one asks of them
      • Explain how we got the 10 Commandments
      • Explain who got us the 10 Commandments
      • Explain that Moses was glowing upon his return from meeting with God

Unit 2: Lesson 2
Commandments 1 & 2  You shall have no other gods before Me and You shall not make for yourself a carved image.

“You shall have no other gods before Me.”

      • Talk about how to love God more than anything else. Examples of not loving other things: when my time for prayer comes, I should not continue to play or sleep or watch TV. That would mean I love something else more.
      • Story of St. Antony, emphasis on how he left his possessions, land, and his sister to go to the desert to pray and be with God completely. He lived a life of poverty, fasting, and solitude.

“You shall not make for yourself a carved image.” Make a point about what kids hang up in their rooms and who they “idolize.”

      • Story of Daniel or the story of the 3 Young Men in the Furnace- because they refused to worship a carved image (a statue), Daniel was thrown to the lions and the 3 young men were thrown into a very hot fire. (pick one of the two)

Unit 2: Lesson 3
Commandment 3  You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain

“You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.” Jesus taught us never to use the Name of God to swear by (to use His Name in vain). We should never use His name to make a point or to make people believe us. God’s Name is very special, and it belongs only to Him.

      1. i. Tell the story of how St. Peter and St. John healed the man at the door of the temple with the Name of Christ: “silver and gold I do not have; in the Name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, rise up and walk.”  Acts 3:1-16. Second option: tell the story of David and Goliath, highlighting how David went to fight him under the Name of the Lord of Hosts.
      2. ii. Use the lessons for the last unit of Keep the Name of the Lord Holy
      3. iii. Moses asking God about His name

Unit 2: Lesson 4
Commandment 4  Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy

“Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.” Keep the day of the Lord holy (Sunday).

      1. i. Things that we can do on Sunday: go to church, attend the liturgy, take Communion, read the Bible, enjoy time with our family and friends, visit sick people, help those who are in need, etc
      2. ii. Tell stories of how Jesus used to make a point to go to the Temple and heal people on the Sabbath: the paralytic at Bethesda (John 5), the man with the withered hand in the synagogue (Luke 6:6-8), the woman who had the bent back for many years
      3. iii. Feast that occur during Sunday

Unit 2: Lesson 5
Commandment 5  Honor Your Father and Mother
Honor Your Father and Mother and Practicing Obedience.

      1. i. There are 6 commandments talking about loving others. Commandment #5: “Honor your father and mother.” To obey parents is obedience to God. Sometimes it is easy, sometimes it is difficult. One main thing, stress respect. Do you want to show your parents that you love them? The way to do that is to obey them.  Who gives you the money to buy presents? … of course your parents. Who gave you the body that you hug them with? … of course your parents. What can you give your parents, that you didn’t get from them? Obedience. The only thing that would please parents is to have obedient children.
      2. ii. Tell the story of Jesus going to the temple and how He was obedient to His heavenly Father and to His parents.
      3. iii. Who do we obey? Our parents, grandparents, Abouna, Sunday School teachers, teachers in school, and others who are given to us to guide us.
      1. iv. Ways to obey:
      1. 1. Work hard at school
      2. 2. Come when you are called- St. John the Short was writing a letter in the monastery and the head of the monastery called him out of the room. He came immediately and left the pen, and did not even finish the word he was in the middle of writing.
      3. 3. Do as you are told. Another time, St. John the Short was asked to plant a stick in the desert and water it every day, and he did. The stick became a tree, by a miracle, and brought fruit. His spiritual father told the others to come and eat from the fruit of obedience
      4. 4. Help in the work of your parents: making your bed, cleaning up the house when it is messy, and if you see something that needs to be done, do it instead of expecting your parents to do it

Unit 2: Lesson 6

Commandment 6  You shall not murder

Loving others: “You shall not murder.” Jesus taught us what it means to kill somebody morally by ruining their reputation (talking badly about them), insulting others and hurting their feelings, or being angry without good reason.

      1. v. Ask the kids about times in their own lives when people hurt their feelings, and how that made them feel
      2. vi. Ask them to remember times when they may have hurt someone else’s feelings, and how they think it made the other person feel.
      3. vii. Tell the story of St. Makarious: there was a pagan priest who worshiped idols. He was not Christian. One of St. Makarious’ disciples met him and cursed him, hurt his feelings, telling him that he is working in vain and that he is going to hell. The priest beat up the disciple of St. Makarious. Later, St. Makarious found the same priest and spoke to him gently, and praised him for his activity and hard work. He did not stress the negative aspects of his life. The pagan priest was touched by St. Makarious’ compliment and told him where the beaten up disciple was. They took him and nursed him until he was cured. Later the pagan priest apologized to St. Makarious and slowly he became Christian and a disciple of St. Makarious. (You can read this story in the Paradise of the Monks, under St. Makarious, virtues #6: his wisdom, p 33)

Unit 2: Lesson 7

Commandment 7  you shall not commit adultery

      1. i. Talk about how we should respect our bodies and the bodies of others, stressing modesty and how we should judge nudity.
      2. ii. Kids should learn to wear modest clothes, avoid looking at bad things on TV or magazines, etc (modesty of the eye), also modesty of the ear, and modesty of the hands (for example, they should not reach out their hands to hit people or to grab something). Tell them that they should never allow anyone to touch them inappropriately, especially strangers.
      3. iii. Dress Code-
      1. 1. Girls: things not appropriate to wear: tight pants, tight shirts, clothes that reveals the thighs and/or the shoulders
      2. 2. Boys: tight shirts, tight pants, clothes that reveal the thighs and the chest

Unit 2: Lesson 8
Commandment 8 You shall not steal

      1. i. Forms of stealing could be: stealing material objects, cheating on a test, copying homework, being nosy (means putting yourself in someone else’s business without invitation).
      2. ii. Ask the kids, have you ever had something stolen from you? How did you feel? How do you think people feel when something is stolen from them?

Unit 2: Lesson 9
Commandments 9 & 10  You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor and You shall not covet

“You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.” “You shall not covet.”
Tell the story of King Ahab, Jezabel, and Naboth (1Kings 21:1-16), highlight the misery of king Ahab when he couldn’t have the field. This story talks about coveting, stealing, and bearing false witness.

      1. i. Bearing false witness means lying, and all forms of lying: forgery (signing your parents’ name on letters), hiding the truth when it needs to be revealed, saying the wrong thing about others out of hate.
      2. ii. We shouldn’t covet, we should be satisfied with what we have and stop comparing ourselves to other kids, because they have a “better house, better game, better toy.”We should be thankful. If we are not satisfied, we will always be miserable and unhappy. When we are satisfied, it means that we have different gifts. Not all the gifts are material gifts- God gives inner wisdom, beauty and light.
      3. iii. One sin always leads to another. Example: stealing can lead to lying.

Unit 2: Lesson 10
Conclusion

Unit 3: The church as a family of faith
This unit is a preparation for priesthood in fourth grade

Introduction: The purpose of this unit: is to introduce the church as the family of faith. The children identity is going to be tested later in their development. They need to be established as orthodox Christians. This family of faith was created by God in the Garden of Eden, and adopted again in the flood and through the story of Abraham, the first “patriarch = father of fathers” God called him to be the father of God’s earthly family. How a father have all the characters that would be passed on to the generations to come. Abraham’s characters are what God wanted for his family, mainly faith = obedience and trust of God. Today through the Church we have our Patriarch as the earthly father of the church, together with the rest of the bishops and priests they father the family of God i.e. the Church .

Unit 3: Lesson 1

The role of the earthly father

      • They can speak of their fathers and why they need a father.
      • The earthly father, protects feeds, teaches and discipline.  A role model.
      • Note: Do a little background check on the kids to see if anything is hurtful by using the term “father”. For instance, check if there are any children who do not have a father due to death or divorce.
      • God created first the father, then out of him came the family
      • When Our lord Jesus Christ came to us as a baby His heavenly father called St. Joseph to be Jesus’ earthly father.

Unit 3: Lesson 2

Abram the first patriarch: an earthy father of God’s family

God prepares Abraham to become a father to God’s people:

        1. 1. God’s call and Abram’s response: God calls Abram out: training to trust. How God gave promises to Abram and instruction to follow. If Abram succeeds, he will be able to father God’s people. Developing Character “faithGenesis 12
        2. 2. Abram is not perfect- makes mistakes. Our fathers are not perfect. Yet we are called to respect them and honor them. Abram’s life is not easy. But he continues to rise up and follow God’s plan for him. God protects him, even when Abram is not doing too well. “weakness and perseverance”
        3. 3. Lot separates from Abraham. What happens when we leave the church? Genesis 13

Unit 3: Lesson 3

Abram protects his family

      1. ii. Brought his nephew (was like a son to him) back when taken captive genesis 14
      2. iii. God promise him 3 promises Genesis 15:
          1. 1. A son
          2. 2. A very big family of children (stars of heaven.)
          3. 3. The land that they would live together on it. (the promise land)
      3. iv. How Abram faith (trusting God in his heart) was pleasing to God  genesis 15:6

Unit 3: Lesson 4

Abram waiting on God. A patient father.

      1. v. Sarah’s advise. How when we do not trust God waiting. We  carry the difficult consequences Genesis 16
      2. vi. God made the promises into a covenant = a promise that cannot be broken: he asked him to make (circumcision) the sign of that covenant. Abram’s name is changed to Abraham (honored father to father of big numbers)
        1. 1. To make Abram the father of many nations – changed his name to Abraham
        2. 2. To make kings out of his descendants
        3. 3. To give his descendants the promise land

Unit 3: Lesson 5

Abraham is visited by God. How when the promise is about to be made God Himself came down to visit bringing the good news to His friend. Genesis 17

      • Stress Abraham generosity with stranger as a character that God wants His people to have.
      • God reveals secrets to Abraham
      • Abraham intercedes for Sodom for the sake of Lot.

Unit 3: Lesson 6

What happens when we get out of the family of faith? Lot in Sodom and Gomorra

      • Lot’s wife looking back. How Abraham did not look back when he got out.
      • Homosexuality is condemned
      • God cares for them

Unit 3: Lesson 7

Isaac is born. Sacrificed  Genesis 21, 22

      • God fulfills His first promise
      • God cares for them
    • o Hagar and Ishmael
    • God test Abraham’s trust in the second promise (Isaac will be a father to Abraham’s family) Genesis 17:19. God can never lie. Even if Abraham killed Isaac, God could raise him from the dead to fulfill the promise.
    • Abraham offers his son as we offer little babies in baptism to God, to become the children of God. God promised Abraham to bless his family to be the family of God

Unit 3: Lesson 8

The Church as the family of God – a review

      • Through Baptism we become the children of God like Isaac
      • We are offered by both our earthly parents and the church fathers to God to become God’s children
      • A patriarch or a bishop is called by God to the desert to be a monk: out of his family and friends like Abraham. Then God calls him again to father God’s family
      • As long as we stay with the church – our family- we are safe
      • Our Lord Jesus Christ made the 12 disciples patriarchs to father the church. Who in turn made their disciples patriarchs…till pope (…) who made priests to help him like abouna(…)
      • How should we treat the fathers (priests and patriarchs) of our family of faith. Hint to the obedience of Isaac. He obeyed his father even to death.

Unit 3: Lesson 9
Conclusion

      • Allow the students to draw pictures of their favorite part of the Abraham lessons
      • Divide the paper in 4 sections and allow the students to draw their favorites.

Unit 4: Fruit of the Spirit

This unit is to help us figure out how to find our friends. Our friends would have all the fruit of the spirit characteristics. Emphasize that if you lose one fruit, you will lose all of them.

Unit 4: Lesson 1
Introduction
During the introduction lesson, have the students split into groups and brainstorm what each “fruit” means. This analysis from the students will become the introduction to each following lesson. The students will be able to see if their word understanding is the true meaning. All lessons should follow the 2003 Summer Camp lessons for grades 3-5, not k-2 sessions.

Unit 4: Lesson 2

Love

Unit 4: Lesson 3

Joy

Unit 4: Lesson 4

Peace

Unit 4: Lesson 5

Patience

Unit 4: Lesson 6

Kindness and Goodness

Unit 4: Lesson 7

Faithfulness

Unit 4: Lesson 8

Gentleness

Unit 4: Lesson 9

Self Control

Unit 4: Lesson 10

Conclusion