Institution of the Eucharist
26And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.” 27Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. 28For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. 29But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.” 30And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
3So Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD and all the judgments. And all the people answered with one voice and said, “All the words which the LORD has said we will do.” 4And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD. And he rose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and twelve pillars according to the twelve tribes of Israel. 5Then he sent young men of the children of Israel, who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen to the LORD. 6And Moses took half the blood and put it in basins, and half the blood he sprinkled on the altar. 7Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read in the hearing of the people. And they said, “All that the LORD has said we will do, and be obedient.” 8And Moses took the blood, sprinkled it on the people, and said, “This is the blood of the covenant which the LORD has made with you according to all these words.”
1. What do you understand from “the Blood of the new covenant”?
Every covenant is sealed with blood. In the old covenant, after Moses had read the commandments to the people and they agreed to obey them and to bind themselves with the covenant to God, Moses sealed the covenant with the blood of the sacrifices. In the new covenant, our Lord making Himself the sacrifice of the covenant, He sealed it with His blood on the night of His last supper.
2. It is unlawful for a Jewish person to drink blood; how can we understand the commandment of Christ?
By requesting that His disciples would partake of His blood, He is asking them to come out of the old covenant. St. Paul had elaborated on this point in Romans 5 and 6. He explained how we die to the first law by the body of Christ to be united to the new law in the risen Christ. Heb 13:13 “Therefore let us go forth to Him, outside the camp, bearing His reproach.”
22And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.” 23Then He took the cup, and when He had given thanks He gave it to them, and they all drank from it. 24And He said to them, “This is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many. 25Assuredly, I say to you, I will no longer drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.” 26And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
14When the hour had come, He sat down, and the twelve apostles with Him. 15Then He said to them, “With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; 16for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 17Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves; 18for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you;
do this in remembrance of Me.” 20Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you.
1. What is the only desire that Christ had in the gospels?
His fervent desire was to eat the Passover with His disciples. He planned that the Passover meal would be the time to offer His body and blood. It is the marriage bond between the Bridegroom (Christ) and the Bride (the Church).
2. If the disciples of Christ are to be considered the first priests of the new covenant, when did Christ ordain them?
It is by giving them His body and blood, and also asking them to do the same, He had established them as the priests of the New Testament. He also equipped them with the offering of the New Testament, He Himself becoming the new High Priest on the order of Melchizedek (the order of the bread and wine). Later on, Christ breathed on them the gift of the Holy Spirit and granted them the power to forgive sins, to complete their ordination as the priests of the New Testament. They would forgive the sins of those who come to confess their sins, then they would feed them the sacrifice of Christ for “remission of sins and eternal life to those who partake of it.”